How to Connect RFID Reader to MySQL Database

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology has become widely used for various applications such as access control, inventory management, and tracking systems. Integrating an RFID reader with a MySQL database can provide real-time data synchronization and efficient management of RFID-tagged items.


Before you begin, make sure you have the following:

  • RFID reader with supporting SDK or API documentation
  • A computer with MySQL installed
  • Basic knowledge of MySQL and programming concepts

Step 1: Set up MySQL Database

If you haven't already, install MySQL on your computer and create a new database to store the RFID data. You can use a tool like phpMyAdmin or the MySQL command line for this purpose.

Once the database is set up, create a new table to store the RFID data. For example:


Step 2: Obtain RFID Reader SDK

Most RFID reader manufacturers provide SDKs or APIs that allow developers to interact with their devices programmatically. Visit the manufacturer's website or contact their support to obtain the necessary SDK for your RFID reader model. The SDK should include documentation, sample code, and libraries.

Step 3: Connect to RFID Reader

Follow the provided documentation and sample code to establish a connection between your computer and the RFID reader. This typically involves installing the SDK libraries, connecting the RFID reader via USB, and initializing the reader object.

Here's an example using a hypothetical RFIDReader class:

from rfidreader import RFIDReader reader = RFIDReader() reader.connect()

Step 4: Read RFID Tags

Once the connection is established, you can start reading RFID tags using the reader object. The SDK should provide methods or events to handle tag detection and retrieval.

Here's an example of reading a tag and saving the data to the MySQL database:

tag = reader.read_tag() save_to_database(tag)

In the above example, the save_to_database() function is a custom function you need to implement to insert the RFID data into the MySQL database. You should take the tag data and execute an SQL query to insert it into the database.

Step 5: Implement Data Synchronization

To keep the RFID data in sync with your MySQL database, you can periodically retrieve the data from the RFID reader and update the database accordingly. Depending on your application requirements, you may choose to perform the sync operation every few seconds, minutes, or hours.

You can achieve this by setting up a background task or a separate thread that fetches the RFID data and updates the database.

Step 6: Handle Errors and Exceptions

When working with hardware devices and databases, it's essential to handle errors and exceptions gracefully. Make sure to catch any possible exceptions and handle them appropriately. This includes connection errors, database failures, and unexpected data formats.


Connecting an RFID reader to a MySQL database allows you to effectively manage and analyze the data collected from RFID tags. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can integrate an RFID reader with MySQL and build powerful applications for inventory management, access control systems, and much more.

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